Development as Freedom explores the importance of individual freedom in development. Sen pushes us to move beyond GNP as the main measure of development and economic advancement. Instead, he argues, we should use increasing freedoms as the means to achieving development goals and to measure development outcomes. This book explores 5 types of freedoms: political freedom, economic facilities, social opportunities, transparency guarantees, and protective security. In Sen’s words:
Freedom is central to the process of development for two distinct reasons.
1. The evaluative reason: assessment of progress has to be done primarily in terms of whether the freedoms that people have are enhanced;
2. The effectiveness reason: achievement of development is thoroughly dependent on the free agency of people.
A year before publishing this book, Sen received the Nobel Prize in Economics. He is currently a Professor of Economics and Philosophy at Harvard University.
Looking forward to reading this one!